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Version: 0.11.1

a9s CLI

anynines provides a command line tool called a9s to facilitate application development, devops tasks and interact with selected anynines products.

Prerequisites

  • Using the backup/restore feature of a8s PostgreSQL requires an S3 compatible endpoint.
  • Install Go (if you want go env to identify your OS and arch).
  • Install Git.
  • Install Docker.
  • Install Kubectl.
  • Install Kind and/or Minikube.
  • Install the cert-manager CLI.

Installing the CLI

In order to install the a9s CLI execute the following shell script:

RELEASE=$(curl -L -s https://a9s-cli-v2-fox4ce5.s3.eu-central-1.amazonaws.com/stable.txt); OS=$(go env GOOS); ARCH=$(go env GOARCH); curl -fsSL -o a9s https://a9s-cli-v2-fox4ce5.s3.eu-central-1.amazonaws.com/releases/$RELEASE/a9s-$OS-$ARCH

sudo chmod 755 a9s
sudo mv a9s /usr/local/bin

This will download the a9s binary suitable for your architecture and move it to /usr/local/bin. Depending on your system you have to adjust the PATH variable or move the binary to a folder that's already in the PATH.

Using the CLI

a9s

Creating a Local a8s Postgres Cluster

Create a local Kubernetes cluster using Minikube or Kind, install a8s PostgreSQL including its dependencies ready for local development of applications requiring PostgreSQL and/or experimentation with a8s Postgres by issuing the command:

a9s create cluster a8s

Recommended is 12 GB of free memory for the creation of three cluster nodes with each 4 GB. The number of nodes and memory size can be adjusted.

Cold-Run

When creating a cluster for the first time, a few setup steps will have to be taken which need to be performed only once:

  1. Setting up a working directory for the use with the a9s CLI.
  2. Configuring the access credentials for the S3 compatible object store which is needed if you intend to use the backup/restore feature of a8s Postgres.
  3. Cloning deployment resources required by the a9s CLI to create a cluster.

Setting Up a Working Directory

The working directory is where are a9s CLI related resources will go. This includes yaml specifications being cloned from remote repositories, but also those generated by the a9s CLI for your convenience.

Once established, the working directory is stored in the ~/.a8s configuration file.

Establishing a working directory is simple. Create an empty folder at a place of your choice such as ~/a9s-workspace. The simplest way to use this folder, is to change into the folder and execute the a9s create cluster a8s from it. The CLI will automatically propose the current directory as the working directory.

cd ~
mkdir a9s-workspace
cd a9s-workspace

a9s create cluster a8s

Alternatively, provide a custom working directory at the corresponding prompt.

(Optional) Configuring the Backup Store

Defaults:

  • The default infrastructure region is eu-central-1.
  • The default backup provider is AWS.
  • The default bucket is a8s-backups.

See a9s create cluster a8s --help for the defaults of your particular CLI version and list of configuration options.

When prompted provide the following pieces of information:

  • ACCESS KEY ID
  • SECRET KEY

Skipping the Backup Store Configuration:

In case you don't want to use the backup/restore function, paste arbitrary strings as ACCESS KEY ID and SECRET KEY. Backup and restore jobs will fail but the managing service instances and service bindings will work.

Skip Checking Prerequisites

It is possible to skip the verification of prerequisites. This includes skipping the search for: required shell commands, a running Docker daemon and a running Kubernetes cluster.

In order to skip precheck use the --no-precheck option:

a9s create cluster a8s --no-precheck

Number of Kubernetes Nodes

Specifying the number of Nodes in the Kubernetes cluster:

a9s create cluster a8s --cluster-nr-of-nodes 1

Cluster Memory

Specifying the memory of each Node of the Kubernetes cluster:

a9s create cluster a8s --cluster-memory 4gb

Deployment Version

The deployment version refers to the version of manifests used for installing software. Deployment versions are managed by anynines in a Git repository. The deployment version option allows you to select a particular version of the deployment manifests identified by Git tags.

Select a particular release by providing the --deployment-version parameter:

a9s create cluster a8s --deployment-version v0.3.0

Use:

a9s create cluster a8s --deployment-version latest

To get the latest, untagged version of the deployment manifests.

Kubernetes Provider

When creating a Kubernetes cluster, the mechanism to manage the cluster can be selected by specifying the --provider option:

a9s create cluster a8s -p kind 
a9s create cluster a8s -p minikube (default)

Follow the instructions to learn about available sub commands.

Backup Infrastructure Region

When using the backup and restore functionality, a backup infrastructure region must be specified by using the --backup-region option:

a9s create cluster a8s --backup-region us-east-1

Note: By default, an existing backup-config.yaml will be used. Hence, if you intend to change your backup config, remove the existing backup-config.yaml, first:

rm a8s-deployment/deploy/a8s/backup-config/backup-store-config.yaml

Unattended Mode

It is possible to skip all yes-no questions by enabling the unattended mode by passing the -y or --yes flag:

a9s create cluster a8s --yes

Printing the Working Directory

The working directory is stored in the ~/.a8s configuration file. The working directory contains all resources downloaded and generated by the a9s CLI.

To print the working directory execute:

a9s cluster pwd

a8s PostgreSQL

A selected subset of the a8s PostgreSQL features are available through the a9s CLI.

Creating a PostgreSQL Service Instance

Creating a service instance with the name sample-pg-cluster:

a9s create pg instance --name sample-pg-cluster

The generated YAML specification will be stored in the usermanifests.

Creating PostgreSQL Service Instance YAML Without Applying it

a9s create pg instance --name sample-pg-cluster --no-apply

The generated YAML specification will be stored in the usermanifests but kubectl apply won't be executed.

Creating a Custom PostgreSQL Service Instance

The command:

a9s create pg instance --api-version v1beta3 --name my-pg --namespace default --replicas 3 --req

uests-cpu 200m --limits-memory 200Mi --service-version 14 --volume-size 2Gi

Will generate a YAML spec called usermanifests/my-pg-instance.yaml with the following content:

apiVersion: postgresql.anynines.com/v1beta3
kind: Postgresql
metadata:
name: my-pg
spec:
replicas: 3
resources:
limits:
memory: 200m
requests:
cpu: 200m
version: 14
volumeSize: 2Gi

Deleting a PostgreSQL Service Instance

Deleting a service instance with the name sample-pg-cluster:

a9s delete pg instance --name sample-pg-cluster

Or by providing an explicit namespace:

a9s delete pg instance --name sample-pg-cluster -n default

Note: If the service instance doesn't exist, a warning is printed and the command exists with the return code 0 as the desired state of the service instance being delete is reached.

Applying a SQL File to a PostgreSQL Service Instance

Uploading a SQL file, executing it using psql and deleting the file can be done with:

a9s pg apply --file /path/to/sql/file --instance-name sample-pg-cluster

The file is uploaded to the current primary pod of the service instance.

Note: Ensure that, during the execution of the command, there is no change of the primary node for a given clustered service instance as otherwise the file upload may fail or target the wrong pod.

Use --yes to skip the confirmation prompt.

a9s pg apply --file /path/to/sql/file --instance-name sample-pg-cluster --yes

Use --no-delete to leave the file in the pod:

a9s pg apply --file /path/to/sql/file --instance-name sample-pg-cluster --no-delete

Applying a SQL Statement to a PostgreSQL Service Instance

Applying a SQL statement on the primary pod of a PostgreSQL service instance can be accomplished with:

a9s pg apply -i solo --sql "select count(*) from posts" --yes

Creating a Backup of a PostgreSQL Service Instance

a9s create pg backup --name sample-pg-cluster-backup-1 -i sample-pg-cluster-1

Restoring a Backup of PostgreSQL Service Instance

a9s create pg restore --name sample-pg-cluster-restore-1 -b sample-pg-cluster-backup-1 -i sample-pg-cluster-1

Creating a PostgreSQL Service Binding

A Service Binding is an entity facilitating the secure consumption of a service instance. By creating a service instance, a Postgres user is created along with a corresponding Kubernetes Secret.

a9s create pg servicebinding --name sb-clustered-1 -i clustered

Will therefore create a Kubernetes Secret named sb-clustered-1-service-binding and provide the following keys containing everything an application needs to connect to the PostgreSQL service instance:

  • database
  • instance_service
  • password
  • username

Cleaning Up

In order to delete the cluster run:

a9s delete cluster a8s

Note: This will not delete config files.

Config files are stored in the cluster working directory.

They can be removed with:

rm -rf $( a9s cluster pwd )